Protein Model Portal (PMP)

Category Proteomics>Protein Structure/Modeling Systems/Tools

Abstract The Protein Model Portal (PMP) gives access to the various models that can be leveraged from Protein Structure Initiative (PSI) targets and other experimental protein structures by comparative modeling methods.

The current release of the portal allows searching over 13.8 million precomputed model structures provided by different partner sites, and provides access to various interactive services for template selection, target-template alignment, model building, and quality assessment.

The aim of the PMP is to foster the effective usage of molecular model information in biomedical research by providing unified access independent of individual sequence nomenclature and the accession code system and by supporting the development of data standards to facilitate exchange of information and algorithms.

Furthermore, PMP aims to provide a forum for discussions between developers of modeling methods and applied biomedical researchers on best-practices, including methods for quality assessment, guidelines for the publication of theoretical models, and educational resources on usage of models for different biological applications.

Model Types --

Homology (or comparative) modeling methods make use of experimental protein structures to build models for evolutionary related proteins. Experimental structural biology and homology modeling thereby complement each other in the exploration of the protein structure space.

For every structure determined, hundreds of models can be derived using a variety of established methods.

Sequence-Centric Models (SC) are generated by searching the best available template structures to build a model for a given protein target sequence, while Template-Centric Models (TC) result from using a specific solved structure as a template to build a number of models for a series of target protein sequences.

Target-Template Alignments --

The target-template alignment provided on the model info pages are generated dynamically by structural superposition of model and template structures using MAMMOTH.

MAMMOTH-mult is a multiple alignment version of MAMMOTH. MAMMOTH-mult produces biologically meaningful trees, and preserves conservation of functional and structural motifs in the alignments.

Typical alignments take an average of ~5 CPU seconds in a standard desktop workstation. Overall, MAMMOTH-mult can be particularly useful for large scale applications in protein structure classification, protein structure prediction and in structural genomics applications.

Model Quality --

Protein structure models are theoretical models which may contain large errors and therefore need to be treated with caution. The quality of protein models therefore needs to be analyzed carefully.

1) Model quality and applications of models - Generally, protein structure models can support the design of experiments and may help explaining experimental observations but have only limited predictive value. The quality of a model determines its suitability for a particular application.

Knowledge of the expected accuracy of a protein structure model is of crucial importance for a biologist intending to use the model.

The importance of quality estimation in modeling has been underlined in the literature. There are basically two (2) sources of information supporting the estimation of the accuracy of homology models.

2) Determinants of model accuracy -

3) Structure Comparison -- The variability among the models (the term ‘model’ applies to both homology models and experimental structures) of a given protein predicted by different programs/servers may be to a large extend explained by the variation in the templates but the model ensemble also contains additional information.

A strong consensus among models of various servers, e.g., is a good sign for the correctness of a model since the probability that many modeling resources predict the same feature all wrong is much lower than doing it all right.

In the model overview page of PMP, the structure comparison tool can be used to compare any subset of models and analyze the variability among them.

4) Sequence Annotation -- Annotation of the target model sequences is retrieved from UniProt using the REST interface. PFAM Domain structure for the model target sequence is annotated using the InterPro Distributed Annotation System.

5) Model Preview Images & Visualization -- The model preview images on the model info pages are generated dynamically using Molscript and Raster3d.

Interactive in-line visualization is accomplished using Jmol - (Jmol is an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures in 3D).

6) PSI Partner Sites -- Models and interactive tools made accessible by the Protein Model Portal are provided by the following partners:

CSMP - Center for Structures of Membrane Proteins;

JCSG - Joint Center for Structural Genomics;

MCSG - Midwest Center for Structural Genomics;

NESG - Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium;

NMHRCM - New Methods for High-Resolution Comparative Modeling;

NYSGXRC - New York SGX Research Center for Structural Genomics;

JCMM - Joint Center for Molecular Modeling;

ModBase and ModPipe - UCSF University of California, San Francisco; and

SWISS-MODEL Repository and SWISS-MODEL Workspace from SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics & Biozentrum University of Basel.

System Requirements

Contact manufacturer.


Manufacturer Web Site Protein Model Portal (PMP)

Price Contact manufacturer.

G6G Abstract Number 20724

G6G Manufacturer Number 104294